Peas are among the first crops we plant in the spring. Plant when the ground could be worked-even if snow falls once you plant them! Here’s our guide to planting, growing, and harvesting peas.
Source: Menanam Cabe
PREPARING THE PLANTING SITE
- To provide your plants the very best head start, start your pea planting beds and add compost or manure to the soil in the fall.
- Put wood ashes and bonemeal to the soil before planting. Peas need phosphorus and potassium, but excess nitrogen will encourage foliage growth rather than flowers or pods.
- Find out more about soil amendments and preparing soil for planting.
- For tall and vining pea varieties, setup poles or a trellis during planting. Learn to build supports here.
WHEN TO PLANT PEAS
- In most cases, plant peas when the ground thaws and may be worked in the spring-even if more snow is expected.
- For a far more measured approach, intend to sow seeds outdoors four to six 6 weeks before your last spring frost date, when soil temperatures reach at least 45°F (7°C). Here are a few more tips about when to start out planting peas.
- Get peas in the bottom while the soil continues to be cool, but avoid excessive moisture due to snowmelt or spring rain, as you don’t need the seeds to sit in wet soil. It’s a delicate balance of proper timing and climate. If your garden will stay too wet, consider buying raised garden beds.
- A blanket of snow won’t hurt emerging pea plants, but several days with temperatures in the teens could.
- Anticipate to plant again if the first peas don’t make it. Alternatively, try starting your peas in a cold frame.
- Another round of peas could be planted in the late summer or early fall, approximately 6-8 weeks before your first fall frost date. Fall plantings are usually much less productive as spring-grown peas, but lead to a good fall snack non-etheless!
HOW EXACTLY TO PLANT PEAS
- For improved germination, soak peas overnight in water before planting.
- Plant seeds 1 inch deep (slightly deeper if soil will dry quickly) and about 2 inches apart. Plant in rows spaced 12-24 inches apart.
- Poke in virtually any seeds that obtain beaten up of the soil. (A chopstick can be an ideal tool because of this.)
HOW EXACTLY TO GROW PEAS
- Drinking water sparsely unless the plants are wilting. Don’t let plants dry, or no pods will become produced.
- In order to avoid disturbing fragile roots, gently remove intrusive weeds yourself.
- It’s better to rotate pea crops each year or two in order to avoid a buildup of soil-borne diseases. Among pea plantings, plant additional vegetables to make use of the nitrogen-rich soil that peas leave behind (they certainly are a nitrogen-fixing legume).
- Peas are best grown in temperatures below 70°F (21°C). Once temperatures get above 80°F (27°C), peas have a tendency to stop producing pods or the pods become tough.
HOW EXACTLY TO HARVEST PEAS
- Keep your peas well picked to encourage even more pods to develop.
- Pick peas each morning following the dew has dried. They are crispiest then.
- Always utilize two hands when you select peas. Secure the vine with one hand and pull the peas off together with your other hand in order to avoid damaging the plant.
- In the event that you missed your peas’ peak period, you can still pick, dry, and shell them for use in winter soups.